In chapter 19 we see the beginning of an exciting finish for the book of John and for the timeline of history as we know it. Christ is celebrated. The church is purified. Satan is defeated. Jesus executes righteous judgment and is the supreme victor.
When God destroys the final product of civilization, a great wicked city, its commerce and culture will vanish forever because it enticed people away from true religion and holiness and into false religion and impurity.
Kendell H. Easley, Revelation, vol. 12, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1998), 325.
- Chapters 17 and 18 go together as a unit. 17 focuses more on what was seen, 18 more on what was heard.
- The chapter can be understood from two different perspectives. A heavenly one in verses 1-8, and and earthly perspective in 9-ff.
John has a vision of human civilization, religious but independent of God, blossoming for one last time as a splendid city supported by Antichrist. The city is personified as a gorgeous prostitute drunk on the blood of God’s people yet doomed to be destroyed by Antichrist and his forces. – Kendell H. Easley, Revelation, vol. 12, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1998), 302.
- Chapters 17-21 feature the personification of two systems, worldview, and allegiances. The first, here, described as a prostitute, the other, later, described as a virtuous bride.
Titus 2.1-15 – Strive For Spiritual Excellence
Paul’s purpose is to encourage Titus to encourage others to live their lives with certain godly behaviors, or marks of genuine salvation.
Paul addresses a variety of groups here (older men, older women, young women, younger men, bondservants).
Which leads us to conclude that no one who receives Christ as Lord should remain unaffected by the Holy Spirit in their lives. As a person experiences and understands the truth of God’s Word, their conduct must follow the internal work of the Spirit on their lives.
- BUILD UP BELIEVERS 1.1-4
1 Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness,
- “a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ” – these designations give Paul authority to write to Titus.
- Notice Paul did not use his position as an apostle as a tool of leverage, but he understands apostleship as service.
- See Matt. 23.1-11.- 11 The greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
- “Jesus Christ” – Paul understood himself to be a servant because he correctly knew that Jesus was the one and only Lord.
In six scenes, bowls of divine wrath demolish the realm of nature and the realm of Antichrist. In the seventh scene the whole world is engulfed in one final catastrophic judgment. – Kendell H. Easley, Revelation, vol. 12, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1998), 282.
1-9 – Wrath Upon Creation
10-16 – Wrath Upon The Beast
17-21 – Final Consummation Of Wrath (Armageddon)